Facts About ADHD in Adults and Children


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD, is a widespread neurobehavioral disorder found in both children and adults. ADHD is characterized by trouble paying attention, lack of impulse control, and being overly active. Diagnosis is usually made during childhood but is now being found in some adults as well.

From time to time all children have trouble paying attention. But children with ADHD do not outgrow this behavior. The problem often affects their behavior at school, home and with friends. A child with difference between add adhd might have trouble taking turns, interrupts a lot, daydreams, is easily distracted, speaks and acts without thinking, talks too much, has trouble sitting still and often forgets things.

There are three different types of ADHD:

Predominately Inattentive – With this type of ADHD the person has trouble organizing and completing tasks. They are easily distracted and have trouble following conversation. They have trouble following instructions and forget specific daily routines

Predominately Hyperactive-Impulsive – This person squirms and fidgets a lot. Children with this type appear to be in constant motion. They are impulsive and speak and act inappropriately. They often interrupt and have trouble waiting their turn. Their impulsiveness leads to accidents to both themselves and others.

Combined – With this type the person shows equal signs of both types of ADHD

The cause of ADHD is currently unknown but researchers have found that it seems to have a genetic link. Other possible causes include brain damage, environmental substances such as lead, alcohol and tobacco use by the mother during pregnancy, premature birth and low birth weight. There are many other factors some parents believe may have an effect on it, such as eating too much sugar or watching too much television, but there is no scientific evidence to support this claim.

There is no specific test for ADHD and a diagnosis is made through a series of test to rule out things like hearing problems, learning disabilities, vision problems, anxiety and depression. Since the symptoms for ADHD are similar to other problems they must be ruled out prior to a diagnosis of ADHD is made.

Treating ADHD often includes a combination of both behavior modification and medication. Each person with ADHD is different so it takes time to figure out what works best. The best treatment plans are monitored closely and changed as necessary to find what works for the individual patient.


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